AKC - American
Kennel Club Standard
(This taken from
AKC's Dachshund Standard)
Low to ground, long in body and short of leg with robust muscular
development, the skin is elastic and pliable without excessive wrinkling.
Appearing neither crippled, awkward, nor cramped in his capacity for
movement, the Dachshund is well-balanced with bold and confident head
carriage and intelligent, alert facial expression. His hunting spirit, good
nose, loud tongue and distinctive build make him well-suited for
below-ground work and for beating the bush. His keen nose gives him an
advantage over most other breeds for trailing. Note: Inasmuch as the
Dachshund is a hunting dog, scars from honorable wounds shall not be
considered a fault.
Bred and shown in
two sizes, standard and miniature, miniatures are not a separate
classification but compete in a class division for "11 pounds and under at
12 months of age and older." Weight of the standard size is usually between
16 and 32 pounds.
Viewed from above
or from the side, the head tapers uniformly to the tip of the nose. The eyes
are of medium size, almond-shaped and dark-rimmed, with an energetic,
pleasant expression; not piercing; very dark in color. The bridge bones over
the eyes are strongly prominent. Wall eyes, except in the case of dappled
dogs, are a serious fault. The ears are set near the top of the head, not
too far forward, of moderate length, rounded, not narrow, pointed, or
folded. Their carriage, when animated, is with the forward edge just
touching the cheek so that the ears frame the face. The skull is slightly
arched, neither too broad nor too narrow, and slopes gradually with little
perceptible stop into the finely-formed, slightly arched muzzle. Black is
the preferred color of the nose. Lips are tightly stretched, well covering
the lower jaw. Nostrils well open. Jaws opening wide and hinged well back of
the eyes, with strongly developed bones and teeth. Teeth--Powerful
canine teeth; teeth fit closely together in a scissors bite. An even bite is
a minor fault. Any other deviation is a serious fault.
clean-cut, without dewlap, slightly arched in the nape, flowing gracefully
into the shoulders.
The trunk is long
and fully muscled. When viewed in profile, the back lies in the straightest
possible line between the withers and the short very slightly arched loin. A
body that hangs loosely between the shoulders is a serious fault. Abdomen--Slightly
underground work, the front must be strong, deep, long and cleanly muscled.
Forequarters in detail: Chest-- The breastbone is strongly prominent
in front so that on either side a depression or dimple appears. When viewed
from the front, the thorax appears oval and extends downward to the
mid-point of the forearm. The enclosing structure of well-sprung ribs
appears full and oval to allow, by its ample capacity, complete development
of heart and lungs. The keel merges gradually into the line of the abdomen
and extends well beyond the front legs. Viewed in profile, the lowest point
of the breast line is covered by the front leg. Shoulder Blades--Long,
broad, well-laid back and firmly placed upon the fully developed thorax,
closely fitted at the withers, furnished with hard yet pliable muscles.
Upper Arm--Ideally the same length as the shoulder blade and at right
angles to the latter, strong of bone and hard of muscle, lying close to the
ribs, with elbows close to the body, yet capable of free movement.
Forearm--Short; supplied with hard yet pliable muscles on the front and
outside, with tightly stretched tendons on the inside and at the back,
slightly curved inwards. The joints between the forearms and the feet
(wrists) are closer together than the shoulder joints, so that the front
does not appear absolutely straight. Knuckling over is a disqualifying
fault. Feet--Front paws are full, tight, compact, with well-arched
toes and tough, thick pads. They may be equally inclined a trifle outward.
There are five toes, four in use, close together with a pronounced arch and
strong, short nails. Front dewclaws may be removed.
Strong and cleanly
muscled. The pelvis, the thigh, the second thigh, and the metatarsus are
ideally the same length and form a series of right angles. From the rear,
the thighs are strong and powerful. The legs turn neither in nor out.
Metatarsus-- Short and strong, perpendicular to the second thigh bone.
When viewed from behind, they are upright and parallel. Feet--Hind Paws--Smaller
than the front paws with four compactly closed and arched toes with tough,
thick pads. The entire foot points straight ahead and is balanced equally on
the ball and not merely on the toes. Rear dewclaws should be removed.
Croup--Long, rounded and full, sinking slightly toward the tail. Tail--
Set in continuation of the spine, extending without kinks, twists, or
pronounced curvature, and not carried too gaily.
Fluid and smooth.
Forelegs reach well forward, without much lift, in unison with the driving
action of hind legs. The correct shoulder assembly and well-fitted elbows
allow the long, free stride in front. Viewed from the front, the legs do not
move in exact parallel planes, but incline slightly inward to compensate for
shortness of leg and width of chest. Hind legs drive on a line with the
forelegs, with hocks (metatarsus) turning neither in nor out. The propulsion
of the hind leg depends on the dog's ability to carry the hind leg to
complete extension. Viewed in profile, the forward reach of the hind leg
equals the rear extension. The thrust of correct movement is seen when the
rear pads are clearly exposed during rear extension. Feet must travel
parallel to the line of motion with no tendency to swing out, cross over, or
interfere with each other. Short, choppy movement, rolling or high-stepping
gait, close or overly wide coming or going are incorrect. The Dachshund must
have agility, freedom of movement, and endurance to do the work for which he
The Dachshund is
clever, lively and courageous to the point of rashness, persevering in above
and below ground work, with all the senses well-developed. Any display of
shyness is a serious fault.
Characteristics of the Three Coat Varieties
The Dachshund is
bred with three varieties of coat: (1) Smooth; (2) Wirehaired; (3)
Longhaired and is shown in two sizes, standard and miniature. All three
varieties and both sizes must conform to the characteristics already
specified. The following features are applicable for each variety:
smooth and shining. Should be neither too long nor too thick. Ears not
leathery. Tail--Gradually tapered to a point, well but not too richly
haired. Long sleek bristles on the underside are considered a patch of
strong-growing hair, not a fault. A brush tail is a fault, as is also a
partly or wholly hairless tail. Color of Hair--Although base color is
immaterial, certain patterns and basic colors predominate. One-colored
Dachshunds include red (with or without a shading of interspersed dark hairs
or sable) and cream. A small amount of white on the chest is acceptable, but
not desirable. Nose and nails--black.
Dachshunds include black, chocolate, wild boar, gray (blue) and fawn
(Isabella), each with tan markings over the eyes, on the sides of the jaw
and underlip, on the inner edge of the ear, front, breast, inside and behind
the front legs, on the paws and around the anus, and from there to about
one-third to one-half of the length of the tail on the underside. Undue
prominence or extreme lightness of tan markings is undesirable. A small
amount of white on the chest is acceptable but not desirable. Nose and
nails--in the case of black dogs, black; for chocolate and all other colors,
dark brown, but self-colored is acceptable.
"single" dapple pattern is expressed as lighter-colored areas contrasting
with the darker base color, which may be any acceptable color. Neither the
light nor the dark color should predominate. Nose and nails are the same as
for one and two-colored Dachshunds. Partial or wholly blue (wall) eyes are
as acceptable as dark eyes. A large area of white on the chest of a dapple
A "double" dapple is
one in which varying amounts of white coloring occur over the body in
addition to the dapple pattern. Nose and nails: as for one and two-color
Dachshunds; partial or wholly self-colored is permissible.
Brindle is a pattern
(as opposed to a color) in which black or dark stripes occur over the entire
body although in some specimens the pattern may be visible only in the tan
With the exception of jaw, eyebrows, and ears, the whole body is covered
with a uniform tight, short, thick, rough, hard, outer coat but with finer,
somewhat softer, shorter hairs (undercoat) everywhere distributed between
the coarser hairs. The absence of an undercoat is a fault. The distinctive
facial furnishings include a beard and eyebrows. On the ears the hair is
shorter than on the body, almost smooth. The general arrangement of the hair
is such that the wirehaired Dachshund, when viewed from a distance,
resembles the smooth. Any sort of soft hair in the outercoat, wherever
found on the body, especially on the top of the head, is a fault. The
same is true of long, curly, or wavy hair, or hair that sticks out
irregularly in all directions. Tail-- Robust, thickly haired,
gradually tapering to a point. A flag tail is a fault. Color of Hair--While
the most common colors are wild boar, black and tan, and various shades of
red, all colors are admissible. A small amount of white on the chest,
although acceptable, is not desirable. Nose and nails--same as for the
sleek, glistening, often slightly wavy hair is longer under the neck and on
the forechest, the underside of the body, the ears, and behind the legs. The
coat gives the dog an elegant appearance. Short hair on the ear is not
desirable. Too profuse a coat which masks type, equally long hair over the
whole body, a curly coat, or a pronounced parting on the back are faults.
Tail--Carried gracefully in prolongation of the spine; the hair attains
its greatest length here and forms a veritable flag. Color of Hair--Same
as for the smooth Dachshund. Nose and nails--same as for the smooth.
description is that of the ideal Dachshund. Any deviation from the above
described dog must be penalized to the extent of the deviation keeping in
mind the importance of the contribution of the various features toward the
basic original purpose of the breed.
of front legs
Effective May 27,